Monotheism or Polytheism?

The three Abrahamic religions tell the same general story of the creation of the world and humankind. All three religions tell a story of the creation of the first man, Adam and then the creation of Eve. In the 21st century, the three religions stand divided on so many aspects and fundamentals of religion. There is animosity between the three, history tells stories of unspeakable wars, politics teaches communities to other those that differ, governments demonstrate and encourage bigotry, racism, violence, discrimination…Let us put all that aside for a moment, let us go back to the beginning. Let us search for our truth and at least for a moment halt those that choose to control what we think and how we feel and try to answer a simple question. A question that humanity has been asking: Is there a God? Is there one God, three Gods? Is it possible that the answer has been there and that the blurred, foggy windows placed and controlled by regimes has distorted the view of the truth?
Now it is prudent to start with the oldest of recorded Abrahamic scriptures known as the Old Testament or as referred to in Hebrew the Tanakh, which in fact is a compilation of the Torah, Nevi’im and Ketuvim.

I) Old Testament (Tanakh)
(A) Torah
[1] Genesis 1, Chapter 1: 3

1. In the beginning of the God’s creation of the heavens and the earth.
2. Now the earth was astonishingly empty, and darkness was on the face of the deep, and the spirit of God was hovering over the face of the water.
3. And God said, “Let there be light,” and there was light.
Genesis is perceived as the earliest written form of the Old Testament. This story as told in the Old Testament supports the argument that there is only one deity.
Genesis 1, chapters 1-31 describes the creation of the world and life, all chapters never allude to a second deity partaking in the creation of the universe which would be imperative to a faith.

[2] Exodus is the second book in chronological order. It is in this book that Moses speaks of the 10 Commandments.
The Ten Commandments

20 And God spoke all these words:
“I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery.
“You shall have no other gods before[a] me.
“You shall not make for yourself an image in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below. You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the parents to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me, but showing love to a thousand generations of those who love me and keep my commandments.

The rest of the chapter continues on to state and explain the rest of the commandments. The segment succeeding this one is titled: Idols and Altar. This segment begins with the following verse:
Then the Lord said to Moses, “Tell the Israelites this: ‘You have seen for yourselves that I have spoken to you from heaven: 23 Do not make any gods to be alongside me; do not make for yourselves gods of silver or gods of gold.

[3] Leviticus – Chapter 1
And He called to Moses, and the Lord spoke to him from the Tent of Meeting, saying,
Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: When a man from [among] you brings a sacrifice to the Lord; from animals, from cattle or from the flock you shall bring your sacrifice.
It is important to note that the verses to do not allude to more than one deity being involved.

Leviticus – Chapter 18
1And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
2Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: I am the Lord, your God.
3Like the practice of the land of Egypt, in which you dwelled, you shall not do, and like the practice of the land of Canaan, to which I am bringing you, you shall not do, and you shall not follow their statutes.
4You shall fulfill My ordinances and observe My statutes, to follow them. I am the Lord, your God.
5You shall observe My statutes and My ordinances, which a man shall do and live by them. I am the Lord.
6No man shall come near to any of his close relatives, to uncover [their] nakedness. I am the Lord.

Leviticus – Chapter 19
1And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,
2Speak to the entire congregation of the children of Israel, and say to them, You shall be holy, for I, the Lord, your God, am holy.
3Every man shall fear his mother and his father, and you shall observe My Sabbaths. I am the Lord, your God.
4You shall not turn to the worthless idols, nor shall you make molten deities for yourselves. I am the Lord, your God.

[4] Numbers
Numbers is the fourth book in chronological order it overs the years that the Israelites were wondering the dessert. This book covers many incidents between God, Moses and the followers. God is continued to be referred as a singular entity, a single deity.

[5] Deuteronomy – 6:3-6
3. Hear therefore, O Israel, and observe to do it; that it may be well with thee, and that ye may increase mightily, as the Lord God of thy fathers hath promised thee, in the land that floweth with milk and honey.
4.
Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God is bone Lord:
5. And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might
6. And these words, which I command thee this day, shall be in thine heart.

Deuteronomy is perceived as the fifth book and last book of the Torah. The preceding verses depicts Jesus stating that there is only one deity worth worshipping, that God is one.

The Torah is composed of five books and all five books preach and teach that God is one deity. So if the Hebrew religion with its books and its prophets all taught this. Then when did the questioning of monotheism come into play. Look out for the next post as we delve into analysing the New Testament.

-S